Beluga Whales - Cooperative Management Agreements
Beluga Whale Co-Management Agreements
The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA), section 119, allows NMFS to enter into cooperative agreements with Alaska Native organizations to conserve marine mammals and to co-manage subsistence. The MMPA also authorizes grants to AlaskaNative organizations to participate in research and monitoring efforts and to develop cooperative structures with federal agencies that are necessary for the conservation of marine mammals.
Cook Inlet Marine Mammal Council (CIMMC)
- Note: CIMMC was disbanded by unanimous vote of the then CIMMC member Tribes' representatives on 6/20/2012.
- Co-management Agreements for Cook Inlet Belugas:
Environmental Assessments of CIMMC Co-Management Agreements:
2005, 2002, 2001, 2000
- Subsistence Harvest Management Plan and Regulations
Alaska Beluga Whale Commission (ABWC)
- Co-management Agreement for Western Alaska belugas (Effective January 2000)
Indigenous People's Council for Marine Mammals (IPCoMM)
Memorandum of Agreement for Negotiation of Marine Mammal Protection Act Section 119 Agreements between the Department of Commerce, the Fish and Wildlife Service, the Geological Survey and the Indigenous People's Council for Marine Mammals.
- 2005 Consolidated Appropriations (PL 108-447) (Quote on page 459):
SEC. 518. Public Law 108-199 is amended in division H, section 161, by inserting "and all Federal agencies" after "Office of Management and Budget".
- 2004 Consolidated Appropriations (PL 108-199) (Quote on page 450):
SEC. 161. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall hereafter consult with Alaska Native corporations on the same basis as Indian tribes under Executive Order No. 13175.
- Effective statutory text (codified in notes to 25 U.S.C.A. sect. 450)
"The Director of the Office of Management and Budget and all Federal agencies shall hereafter consult with Alaska Native corporations on the same basis as Indian tribes under Executive Order No. 13175."
- American Indian and Alaska Native Policy, March 1995